Frequently Asked Questions
What is the Diamond Pipeline?
The Diamond Pipeline is a 20-inch crude oil pipeline that runs approximately 440 miles from Cushing, Okla. to Memphis, Tenn.
Who is building the Diamond Pipeline?
Diamond Pipeline LLC is a joint venture between Houston, Texas-based Plains All American Pipeline and San Antonio, Texas-based Valero.
Plains All American Pipeline is engaged in the transportation, storage, terminalling and marketing of crude oil, as well as in the processing, transportation, fractionation, storage and marketing of natural gas liquids (NGL). Plains owns and operates a diversified portfolio of strategically located assets that play a vital role in the movement of U.S. and Canadian energy supplies.
Valero Energy Corporation, through its subsidiaries, is an international manufacturer and marketer of transportation fuels, other petrochemical products and power. Valero subsidiaries employ approximately 10,000 people, and assets include 15 petroleum refineries with a combined throughput capacity of approximately 2.9 million barrels per day, 11 ethanol plants with a combined production capacity of 1.3 billion gallons per year, a 50-megawatt wind farm, and renewable diesel production from a joint venture. Through subsidiaries, Valero owns the general partner of Valero Energy Partners LP (NYSE: VLP), a midstream master limited partnership. Approximately 7,400 outlets carry the Valero, Diamond Shamrock, Shamrock, and Beacon brands in the United States and the Caribbean; Ultramar in Canada; and Texaco in the United Kingdom and Ireland. Valero is a Fortune 500 company based in San Antonio. Please visit www.valero.com for more information.
When will the pipeline be built?
Clearing and construction began in 2016. The project is projected to be complete in 2017.
Why do we need pipelines?
Pipelines play a vital role in our daily lives. Crude oil, which is refined into the gasoline and other fuels that power our cars, boats, planes and trains, is commonly delivered via pipeline, as is the natural gas that heats our homes. Pipelines deliver fuel to generate electricity; they supply raw materials that create consumer goods; and they provide the energy that drives our industrial and manufacturing industries.
Where can I find a map of the pipeline route?
Maps of the Diamond Pipeline can be found here.
What kind of oil will the pipeline carry? How much will it carry?
The pipeline is designed to transport up to 200,000 barrels per day of domestic sweet crude oil.
Is Diamond Pipeline LLC connected in any way to the Plains & Eastern Clean Line power transmission project?
Diamond Pipeline LLC is not affiliated with the Plains & Eastern Clean Line power transmission project.
I am a contractor interested in doing business with Diamond Pipeline LLC. Who do I contact?
Please reach out to us using the web form on the Contact Us page
How safe are crude oil pipelines?
U.S. Department of Transportation statistics show that underground pipelines are one of the safest modes of transporting crude oil.
What is Diamond Pipeline LLC doing to maximize the safety of this pipeline?
The Diamond Pipeline is a federally regulated interstate pipeline and is subject to rigorous design, construction, operation and maintenance standards. Our design and construction methods meet or exceed the United States Department of Transportation pipeline standards. New pipe was manufactured to exceed industry standards and specifications. The pipeline will be laid at an increased depth to reduce susceptibility to third-party damage.
How is the Diamond Pipeline monitored?
The Diamond Pipeline will be remotely monitored 24 hours a day, seven days a week from a centralized Control Center. These employees, known as “Controllers,” have the authority to shut down the pipeline systems at any time, but they are not allowed to restart the pipeline systems until the issue has been addressed and proper authorization has been received from Operations and Control Center management. The pipeline will be monitored with regular aerial and ground surveillance patrol as well.
What is right-of-way?
Whether above or below ground, pipelines are constructed along a clear corridor of land called the right-of-way (ROW). The ROW may contain one or more pipelines or other utilities such as power lines, may vary in width, and will cross through public and private property. The ROW should be free of permanent structures and trees and be identified with a marker sign.
What do right-of-way marker signs look like?
Pipeline markers are generally yellow, black, or red and can be found along a right-of-way (ROW). Look for them near roads, railroads, bikeways, buildings, and waterways. They can be square, round, slanted, or post-like in form. Pipeline markers will give key information about the pipeline located there, such as the name of the pipeline operator, a telephone number, the product transported and the pipeline’s general location. Pipeline markers are meant only as a general guide and warning and should not be used to determine the precise location of the underground facility. Note that there could be more than one pipeline in a ROW.
How was the route chosen?
At the beginning of the route selection process, we took into consideration available data regarding geography; existing pipelines; county and city boundaries; population; utility corridors; watersheds; federal, state and tribal-owned land; environmentally sensitive areas; and other relevant information. We also had teams on the ground, visually inspecting the entire route, and consulted with federal and state regulatory agencies regarding preferred routes. The route was developed to minimize impact to the environment, cultural sites, and landowners during construction and operation.
What are the benefits of the Diamond Pipeline?
The pipeline will provide a direct and reliable route to transport domestic sweet crude to Valero’s Memphis Refinery, which produces gasoline, diesel and jet fuel for the greater Memphis and eastern Arkansas area, as well as several other states in the region. The pipeline will enhance the refinery’s long-term viability and assist in providing greater energy independence for our nation.
How many jobs will the project create?
At the height of construction, we’ve had more than 2,200 contractors working to construct the Diamond Pipeline. For communities along the pipeline route, this has resulted in a boost to hotel, restaurant and other hospitality and service industries. Following completion of construction, we expect that the Diamond Pipeline will support 15 jobs and contribute more than $11 million in annual tax revenue to communities along the pipeline route.
What is the economic impact of the Diamond Pipeline?
The estimated cost of the pipeline is $900 million. In addition, the pipeline will provide more than $11 million in annual tax revenue to communities along the pipeline route.